Estar is always used to talk about a person or object's location. W We offer free self-study courses for students of all levels. Él está en la escuela. Ella está en la cafetería. He is in the school. D This can be either a temporary or permanent location. Ella está en casa. Él está en el supermercado. He is in the school. F She is at home. R Although it is an extremely common verb, estar can be confusing for many Spanish students because it is usually translated as "to be," just like the verb ser.Although they can often be translated the same way, ser and estar are distinct verbs with distinct meanings and are seldom synonymous. Free resources to help you enjoy learning Spanish quickly. The place you are is a temporary condition. Using "Estar" with Locations. (The Canary Islands are in the Atlantic.) Start your Braimap today », Kwiziq Spanish is a product of and © Kwiziq Ltd 2020, Using ser (not estar) to express an essential or permanent characteristic, Using ser (not estar) to say when / where something takes place, Using estar (not ser) when talking about feelings and emotions, Using ser (not estar) to talk about time, days, dates and seasons. He is in the supermarket. We already know that estar is used to talk about something that is changeable or is a departure from the norm, such as feelings or weather. Green = Beginner I It doesn't matter which place/city/island we are talking about; everytime we say "where" something or someone is (locating it) we use estar: Las Islas Canarias están en el océano Atlántico . X Students will need to learn when to use each verb. C Events, on the other hand, usually have their whole existence tied to a single place, so they "are" there until they're no more. Icons are color coded by Spanish level: E Él está en la escuela. U is used to indicate temporary states and locations. If you wanted to say, “I am sick,” or, “I am lost,” in Spanish, you’d be mistaken to use the “to be” verb that you previously learned, ser. L J “Ser” only describes permanent or nearly permanent states, such as being married ( casado) or being tall ( alto) or skinny ( flaco ). Learning Spanish should be fun. Mi madre está en la cocina. S V However, in some situations it is also possible to use ser, the main other verb for " to be ," as well as verbs used primarily for location. B It's very humid. Full list of teacher resources here. Estar is commonly used to talk about location, either permanent or changeable. Él está en la cama. While both ser and estar can translate to to be in English, they aren't interchangeable in Spanish. Él está en el supermercado. M He is in the supermarket. Yo estoy enfermo. O He is in the bed. T Él está en la cama. Blue = Intermediate Q K We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your Z. Hello I am studying ser/estar at the moment and am confused with regards to location which I understand is temporary and comes under estar but I have completed some exercises recently where the phrase 'Madrid es la capital de Espana' (ser) and another phrase 'Caracas esta en Venezuela' which ties in with the location part of estar. He is in the bed. The second “to be” verb in Spanish, estar, is used to describe location, health, or any condition that is only temporary. Y She is at home. Hundreds of Spanish worksheets from which to choose. gaps and mistakes. To say something or someone is somewhere in Spanish, it is most common to use the verb estar. Está muy húmedo. G Estar is commonly used to talk about location, either permanent or changeable. Ella está en casa. P Games and activities featuring high-quality images and audio. She is in the cafeteria. Black icons are unrelated to Spanish level. A Using Estar for Location. Orange = Advanced. Usually, for location you use "estar" because at one moment you're at one place but later you can be somewhere else. Use our free online Spanish test to estimate your level of fluency. When you are talking about where [something/someone] is in Spanish, you use the verb estar + [location].Take a look at these examples: Want to make sure your Spanish sounds confident? H N I am sick. (My mum is in the kitchen.) For example, to say that Roberta is at home, you can say simply: Roberta está en casa. is used to classify and identify permanent or lasting attributes.

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