Plato had the more classical approach where he used rhetoric as a means of education to pass down his beliefs and practice of rhetoric to his students. Plato and Aristotle agree on the idea that rhetoric can be misused by some unscrupulous people. Thus, one can say that rhetoric shapes a person’s opinion about a certain issue. Yet, his arguments are mostly based on the premise that people are willing and able to discover truth and pursue justice. Cookies Policy, This essay on Aristotle’s and Plato’s Views on Rhetoric was written and submitted by your fellow student. Ed. Nevertheless, this philosopher believes that such problems can be eliminated provided that there are certain rules of debate according to which misleading arguments are identified and prohibited at the very beginning (Aristotle 490). He believed rhetoricians obfuscated the truth for personal gain and were experts at superficially strengthening weaker arguments. Although they were similar in many ways, their use and definition of rhetoric were different. Rhetoric is usually seen as a power that we as communicators are using to obtain the belief of others. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian. Aristotle’s findings have proven throughout the many years they have been useful. All rights reserved. It is most fitting to discuss the difference between Plato and Aristotle in terms of their concepts. In this dialogue he criticizes the rhetorical and political powers of the Sophists in the Greek city-state. 27 Nov. 2020. As a result, the effect produced by rhetoric on the audience may be quite different from the point of view of Plato compared to the point of view of Aristotle. This was mainly due to his extensive research in various different branches and his unique insight within them. Undeniably, Plato and Aristotle are the two rock stars of Greek Philosophy. "Aristotle’s and Plato’s Views on Rhetoric." IvyPanda. If you continue, we will assume that you agree to our Gross and Walzer concur, indicating that, just as Alfred North Whitehead considered all Western philosophy a footnote to Plato, "all subsequent rhetorical theory is but a series of responses to issues raised" by Aristotle's Rhetoric. IvyPanda. This is one of the main limitations that attract the attention of this philosopher. But while the two are highly praised for their works, they viewed several subjects entirely differently, particularly education practices, and human ethics and, Rhetoric in my terms , and if you can't find the answer there, please Aristotle maintained a relationship with Plato until his death in 347 B.C. 348 BCE) and Aristotle (384–322 BCE) are generally regarded as the two greatest figures of Western philosophy. Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Although they were similar in many ways, their use and definition of rhetoric were different. Aristotle’s and Plato’s Views on Rhetoric, 1789 Abolition Speech by William Wilberforce, Hillary Clinton and Oprah Winfrey Speeches Analysis, Philosophical Views on the Rhetoricians and the Tyrants, Views on Writing Style by Plato, Aristotle and Dante, Rhetoric Analysis of The Mind's Eye by Oliver Sacks, Political Rhetoric: Barack Obama’s March 18 Speech. For many of these thinkers, the art of rhetoric has been one of such tools. On the other hand, Plato underlines that basically rhetoric influences human feelings and emotions and a skillful orator can misuse his rhetoric skills to mislead the audience and convince people in his righteousness, even though in actuality the orator is not right. This paper focuses on the responses to sophists’ practices by Plato and Aristotle, analysing on the one hand criticism made on their practice, on the other, however, trying to evaluate in which respect the responses of the, Several works have been done on political advertising and rhetoric. Print. Copyright © 2020 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. Aristotle was a good deal less other-worldly than Plato. He argues that the major goal of the presentation of the argument is to convince the audience in the righteousness of an orator and it is important that the conviction of the audience was based on logical proofs and judgments (Aristotle, 161). Aristotle was then put into the care of his uncle Proxenus. We will write a custom Essay on Aristotle’s and Plato’s Views on Rhetoric specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. Apart from that, Aristotle does not separate rhetoric and philosophy. Basically, he argues that rhetoric may produce quite a contradictive impact on people because, on the one hand, it can be really a very powerful tool that can be used by orators to convince the audience in their righteousness. Keywords: Nevertheless, Aristotle points out that it can be applied by thinkers in a productive way while Plato makes a clear distinction between rhetoric and philosophy. In Aristotle was more modern in that he used rhetoric as a, However, Petruzzi explains that Plato's dialogical strategy leads to an assumption of the indeterminate nature of truth and a “philosophical rhetor who "knows" that she is not able to know with any certainty” (Petruzzi 16). May 8, 2020. Geographical Factors of Ancient Greece and Persia Apart from that, I do not share Plato’s skepticism about the ability of people to distort and misrepresent truth and the notions of justice. He wrote on many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Aristotle however exceeded Plato in content and reach. Plato (428-328 BC) and Platonic Idealism "Truth" lays in an abstract "Ideal". Although they were similar in many ways, their use and definition of rhetoric were different. However, it cannot be employed as a technique or a method of discovering the truth. 2.1 Concept of Rhetoric Aristotle's definition of rhetoric provides a start for understanding how rhetoric has been defined: the art of discovering all the available means of persuasion. All Rights Reserved. Without this ability, he/she may not function properly in a rational society. © 2020 Copyright © Pro Essay Writing Service. To troubleshoot, please check our (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. Plato vs Aristotle . In Gorgias, he argues that politics so hits upon the care of the soul that citizens can find virtue and happiness only in an Ideal State (Plato, 1997, 802). Plato also operated on absolute truths, things that are right or wrong, black or white. All papers are for research and reference purposes only! Petruzzi explains that Plato searched for a stable definition that would anchor a concept in “"one" unified and temporary intellectual position.” However, he struggled because the disclosure of truth, through dialogue and dialectic, “explicitly contains the perspectival and relational quality of aletheia, or unconcealment” (Petruzzi 17). In contrast, Aristotle believed that the art of persuasion had been helpful for gaining insights into the true nature of various phenomena. IvyPanda, 8 May 2020, Emotion is primitive, inhumane, destructive, unpredictable and undependable, and therefore needs to be controlled by reason. Stephanie London Therefore, it is possible to say that Plato denies the usefulness of rhetoric while applying it. Web. (Zhu & Thagard, 2002, p. 19). He was a mathematician, writer, and founder of the Academy in Athens, which was the first institution for higher studies.


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